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The history of FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation)
The first successful hair transplants were already being performed in the first half of the last century, with the transplanted hair groups not just rooting on the bald patches but also for the most part producing strong hairs. The various hair transplantation methods now in use developed over time. Over the years it was discovered that hair grows in natural groups, the so-called follicular units. This discovery led to the introduction of Follicular Unit Transplantation, or FUT for short.
The FUT technique involves removing a strip of the scalp from the donor area, in most cases the back of the head. From this strip, individual follicular units i.e. hair root groups are extracted under a microscope. In doing so, attention is paid to maintaining the way they are arranged as a group. These extracted units are then inserted into micro-incisions in the implantation area and arranged in such a way that as far as possible a natural pattern with natural hair distribution is created.
FUT quickly replaced mini-/micro-graft transplantation, becoming the method of choice for implanting donor hairs into larger-sized scalp areas all in one go. For many years now, follicular unit transplantation has been the most commonly used method for transplanting hair.
FUT: A modern method bringing visible success
FUT involves four main activities:
- Extracting the donor material
- Preparing the individual hair units / hair follicles
- Preparing the implantation area
- Implanting the donor hairs
Over the past decade major progress has been made in all four activities, meaning that graft survival rates have improved greatly and results become increasingly natural-looking. The focus remains on the two most important objectives of any hair transplantation: fulfilling patient wishes with regard to optimal naturalness and achieving optimal hair density. Current FUT techniques achieve these objectives - even though the transplantation of the fine grafts is a very complex and demanding procedure requiring an experienced and careful hair surgeon.
The pros and cons of FUE and FUT differ and it is therefore advisable for a patient to have an experienced and competent physician help in deciding which extraction method is best.
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